Columbia River Treaty Background Material

Recommended reading and background materials on the Columbia River Treaty

U.S. Entity Regional Recommendation for the Future of the Columbia River Treaty after 2024 December 13, 2013*

Columbia River Treaty Review B.C. Decision*

Columbia River Inter‐Tribal Fish Commission. Columbia River Treaty*

* = HIGHLY recommended reading

 

BACKGROUND MATERIAL FOR CRT BERKELEY CONVERSATION

BIBLIOGRAPHY VERSION 0.1     APRIL 25, 2017       MIKE MILES

 

1.  Overview:

Canadian and United States Entities.  2010.  Columbia River Treaty 2014/2024 Review: Phase 1 Reporthttp://engage.gov.bc.ca/app/uploads/sites/6/2012/05/phase-1-report-7-28-2010.pdf

Columbia Basin Trust, Columbia River Treaty.  http://thebasin.ourtrust.org/columbia-river-treaty/

CRT Permanent Engineering Board.  2017.  http://www.nwd-wc.usace.army.mil/PB/PEB_08/peb.htm

The Northwest Council and the Columbia Basin Trust.  The International Columbia River.  https://www.nwcouncil.org/news/intlcolumbiariver

2.  Treaty Documents:

BC Government.  Columbia River Treaty documents.  https://engage.gov.bc.ca/app/uploads/sites/6/2012/04/Columbia-River-Treaty-Protocol-and-Documents.pdf

Centre for Columbia River History. Treaty Relating to Cooperative Development of the Water Resources of the Columbia River Basin (with Annexes).  http://extwprlegs1.fao.org/docs/pdf/bi-145062.pdf

3.  U.S. Statement of Objectives:

U.S. Entity Regional Recommendation (Report) for the Future of the Columbia River Treaty After 2024-December 13, 2013.  https://www.crt2014-2024review.gov/Files/Regional%20Recommendation%20Final,%2013%20DEC%202013.pdf

4.  BC Statement of Objectives:

Eichenberger, K.  2015.  Columbia River Treaty Past, Present and Future. Status of Columbia River Treaty Discussions: A BC Government Perspective.  Presented at The Columbia River Treaty: Past, Present, and Future, Osoyoos, BC.  http://www.crtworkshop.ca/proceedings-outcomes/

Province of British Columbia Decision Document on the Columbia River Treaty-2015.  http://engage.gov.bc.ca/app/uploads/sites/6/2012/03/BC_Decision_on_Columbia_River_Treaty.pdf

5.  Tribes and First Nations Statement of Objectives:

Columbia Basin Tribes.  2015.  Ecosystem-Based Function Integration into the Columbia River Treatyhttp://www.critfc.org/wp-content/uploads/2014/03/ecosystem-booklet-SHORT-single-page.pdf

Columbia River Inter-Tribal Fish Commission.  Columbia River Treaty.  http://www.critfc.org/tribal-treaty-fishing-rights/policy-support/columbia-river-treaty/

6.  Local Government Statement of Objectives:

Association of Kootenay and Boundary Local Government.  Columbia River Treaty Local Governments’ Committee.  http://akblg.ca/content/columbia-river-treaty

Kozak, D.  2015.  BC Columbia Basin Local Government’s Perspectives on the CRT.  Presented at The Columbia River Treaty: Past, Present, and Future, Osoyoos, BC.  http://www.crtworkshop.ca/proceedings-outcomes/

 

7.  US District Court Ruling on Columbia River Salmon Recovery Plan (or Biological Opinion):

National Marine Fisheries Service.  2013.  Endangered Species Act Section 7 Formal Programmatic Opinion, Letter of Concurrence and Magnuson-Stevens Fishery Conservation and Management Act Essential Fish Habitat Conservation Recommendations.  http://www.nww.usace.army.mil/Portals/28/docs/regulatory/ESA%20Programmatics/HIPIII_NMFS_BiOp_03.22.2013.pdf

US District Court for the District of Oregon.  2016.  National Wildlife Federation, et al. v. National Marine Fisheries Service, et al.  http://earthjustice.org/sites/default/files/files/1404%202065%20Opinion%20and%20Order.pdf

8.  Historic and Contemporary Impact Assessment (BPA and other):

Columbia River System Operations.  2016.  Public Meeting Materials.  http://www.crso.info/eis.html

Government of British Columbia.  2014.  Columbia River Treaty Review: Public Consultation Reporthttps://engage.gov.bc.ca/app/uploads/sites/6/2017/01/Columbia-River-Treaty-Review-Public-Consultation-Report-_March-2014-1.pdf

Penfold, G.E.  2012.  A Review of the Range of Impacts and Benefits of the Columbia River Treaty on Basin Communities, the Region and the Province.  Prepared for Ministry of Energy, Mines and Natural Gas, Columbia River Treaty Review.  https://engage.gov.bc.ca/app/uploads/sites/6/2012/07/A-Review-of-the-Range-of-Impacts-and-Benefits-of-the-Columbia-River-Treaty6.pdf

Smith, E.C.  2012.  The Place of the Environment in the Columbia River Treaty.  WMU Masters Thesis Collection, Paper 195. http://cedar.wwu.edu/cgi/viewcontent.cgi?article=1194&context=wwuet

Utzig, G. and D. Schmidt.  2011.  Dam Footprint Impact Summary: BC Hydro Dams in the Columbia Basin.  Prepared for Fish and Wildlife Compensation Program: Columbia Basin.  http://www.sgrc.selkirk.ca/bioatlas/pdf/FWCP-CB_Impacts_Summary.pdf

9.  Climate Change:

Casola, J.  2015.  The Changing Hydrograph in the Northwest (and other ways climate affects our energy system).  Presented at NW Energy Coalition, Fall 2015 NW Clean and Affordable Energy Conference.  http://www.nwenergy.org/data/Joe-Casola-Presentation-NW-Clean-and-Affordable-Energy-Conference.pdf

Harford, D.  2015.  Climate Change Issues for a Modernized Treaty.  Presented at The Columbia River Treaty: Past, Present, and Future, Osoyoos, BC.  http://www.crtworkshop.ca/proceedings-outcomes/

Nijssen, B.  2017.  The Columbia River in the 21st Century: Projections of Climate Change Impacts on the Hydrology of the Columbia River.  Presentation at the Stream Restoration Symposium, Stevenson, Washington.

Snorbus, M., A. Werner and K. Bennett.  2014.  Impacts of Climate Change in Three Hydrologic Regimes in British Columbia, Canada.  Hydrological Processes, 28, 1170-1189.

Werner, A.T., M.A. Schnorbus, R.R. Shrestha and H.D. Eckstrand.  2013.  Spatial and Temporal Change in the Hydro-Climatology of the Canadian Portion of the Columbia River Basin under Multiple Emissions Scenarios.  Atmosphere-Ocean, 51:4, 357-379.  http://www.tandfonline.com/doi/pdf/10.1080/07055900.2013.821400

Osborne, R.P.  2012.  Climate Change and the Columbia River Treaty.  Washington Journal of Environmental Law and Policy (Vol.2:1, pages 75 to 123).  http://www.celp.org/wp-content/uploads/2013/11/2WJELP075.pdf

10.  Flood Protection:

BGC Engineering Inc.  2012.  Libby Varq Flood Control Impacts on Kootenay River Dikes.  Report prepared for BC Ministry of Energy, Mines and Natural Gas.  https://engage.gov.bc.ca/app/uploads/sites/6/2012/07/Libby-VARQ-Flood-Control-Impacts-on-Kootenay-River-Dikes2.pdf

Thorne, C. & P. Dickerson.  2012.  Mutually Inclusive: Flood Foresight, Hydropower, Restoration.  Presentation at the Stream Restoration Symposium, Stevenson, Washington.  http://www.rrnw.org/wp-content/uploads/20120-Dickerson_Mutually_Inclusive_final.pdf

11.  Power Production and the ‘Canadian Entitlement’:

BC Hydro & Power Authority.  Columbia River Treaty Review Technical Studies Report.  Columbia River Treaty Review, Technical Studies, British Columbia Hydro and Power Authority. November 29, 2013.  http://engage.gov.bc.ca/columbiarivertreaty/review/technical-studies/

BC Ministry of Energy and Mines.  2013.  U.S. Benefits from the Columbia River Treaty – Past, Present and Future: A Province of British Columbia Perspective.  https://engage.gov.bc.ca/app/uploads/sites/6/2012/07/US-Benefits-from-CRT-June-20-13-2.pdf

12.  Ecosystem Function, Salmon Re-introduction, Habitat Restoration and Cultural Values:

BC Government.  2013.  Columbia River Treaty Review: Environmental Discussion Paper.  https://engage.gov.bc.ca/app/uploads/sites/6/2012/07/CRT-Environmental-Paper-July-2013-FINAL.pdf

Columbia River Basin Transboundary Ecosystem Management.  2002.  Progress Report Number 1.

­­­­­­­­­­­The Columbia Basin Tribes & First Nations.  2015.  Fish Passage & Reintroduction into the U.S. & Canadian Upper Columbia Basin.  https://ucut.org/wp-content/uploads/2016/09/Fish_Passage_and_Reintroduction_into_the_US_And_Canadian_Upper_Columbia_River4-1.pdf

Columbia Basin Trust.  2013.  The Columbia River and Duncan Dam Water Use Plans: A Comparison of Past and Present Commitments and Actions Summary.  http://thebasin.ourtrust.org/wp-content/uploads/delightful-downloads/ColumbiaRiverandDuncanDamWUPsFINAL.pdf

Hyatt, K.  2017.  Fish-and-Water Management to Sustain Salmon Bearing Ecosystems and Human Systems Associated with the Okanagan Valley.  Presentation at the Stream Restoration Symposium, Stevenson, Washington.  http://www.rrnw.org/wp-content/uploads/9.0_Hyatt-et-al_RRNW_Feb-017.pdf

Llyod-Smith, G.  2015.  Greening the Columbia River Treaty: Alternative Approaches.  Prepared by the Environmental Law Clinic, University of Victoria.

National Research Council.  2004.  Managing the Columbia River: Instream Flows, Water Withdrawals, and Salmon Survival.  The National Academies, Washington, DC.  https://www.nap.edu/catalog/10962/managing-the-columbia-river-instream-flows-water-withdrawals-and-salmon

Wagner, P.  2015.  Water Management Actions Called for in NOAA Fisheries 2014 BiOp on the FCRPS.  Prepared for National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration Fisheries.  https://www.nwcouncil.org/media/7149478/12_p-wagner-pdf.pdf

Thomson, A., G. Utzig, B. Green and N. Kapell.  2016.  Arrow Lakes Reservoir Mid-Elevation Scenarios: Scoping Evaluation.  Prepared for Kathy Eichenberger, Ministry of Energy and Mines, Province of British Columbia and Heather Matthews, BC Hydro and Power Authority. https://engage.gov.bc.ca/app/uploads/sites/6/2017/01/Mid-Arrow-Report-DRAFT-Rev_2.0_CBRAC.pdf

Upper Columbia United Tribes.  Fish Reintroduction into the U.S. and Canadian Upper Columbia River.  https://ucut.org/fish/fish-reintroduction-u-s-canadian-upper-columbia-river/

Wright, H.  2015.  Upper Columbia Water Storage and Canadian Salmon – It’s a Canadian Issue Too.  Presented at The Columbia River Treaty: Past, Present, and Future, Osoyoos, BC.  http://www.crtworkshop.ca/proceedings-outcomes/

13.  Tribes and First Nations – Title and Rights:

Columbia Basin Tribes.  2010.  Common Views on the Future of the Columbia River Treaty.  https://www.usea.org/sites/default/files/event-/Common%20Views%20statement%20NQ.pdf

Okanagan Nation Alliance.  2016.  Transformation of First Nations-Crown Relations in BC.  Letter sent to Prime Minister of Canada, et al.

Universities Consortium on Columbia River Governance.  2015.  A Sacred Responsibility: Governing the Use of Water and Related Resources in the International Columbia Basin Through the Prism of Tribes and First Nations.  http://www.columbiarivergovernance.org/A_Shared_Responsibility_2015_FINAL.pdf

14.  Value of Ecosystem Functions provided by Canadian Water

Cotter, A.  2016.  Valuing Ecosystem Services in the Columbia River Treaty.  Master’s thesis, School of Public Policy, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences, Simon Fraser University.  http://summit.sfu.ca/item/16778

Cotter, A. and S. Sihota.  2015.  Valuing Ecosystem Goods and Services in the Columbia River Basin.  Prepared by The Adaption to Climate Change Team, School of Public Policy, Simon Fraser University.  Prepared for British Columbia Ministry of Energy and Mines.  http://act-adapt.org/wp-content/uploads/2015/09/CRB-11Sep.pdf

15.  Irrigation and Water Supply:

Wagner, J.  2015.  Agricultural Issues and a Modernized Treaty.  Presented at The Columbia River Treaty: Past, Present, and Future, Osoyoos, BC.  http://www.crtworkshop.ca/proceedings-outcomes/

16.  Navigation:

 

17.  Sediment transport, channel morphology, habitat and coastal processes:

Southwest Washington Coastal Erosion Study.  http://www.ecy.wa.gov/programs/sea/coast/erosion/dams.html

18.  Governance models:

Bankes, N. and B. Cosens.  2012.  The Future of the Columbia River Treaty.  Program on Water Issues, Munk School of Global Affairs at the University of Toronto in collaboration with the University of British Columbia, the University of Idaho and the University of Calgary.  http://powi.ca/wp-content/uploads/2012/12/The-Future-of-the-Columbia-River-Treaty-2012.pdf

Bankes, N. and B. Cosens.  2014.  Protocols for Adaptive Water Governance: The Future of the Columbia River Treaty.  The Program on Water Issues, Munk School of Global Affairs at the University of Toronto.  http://powi.ca/wp-content/uploads/2014/10/Protocols-for-Adaptive-Water-Governance-Final-October-14-2014.pdf

Brandes, O.M., T. Morris with J.L. Archer, L. Brandes, M.L. Moore, J. O’Riordan and N. Overduin.  Illumination: Insights and Perspectives for Building Effective Watershed Governance in B.C.  Polis Project on Ecological Governance, University of Victoria.  http://poliswaterproject.org/sites/default/files/POLIS-Illumination-web-2_0.pdf

Cosens, B.  2015.  The Columbia River Treaty: An Opportunity for Modernization of Basin Governance.  Adaptation of a speech presented at the Getches-Wilkinson Center’s 2015 Martz Summer Conference held on June 11 & 12, Boulder, Colorado.  http://www.colorado.edu/law/sites/default/files/CNREELR-V27-I1-Cosens%20Final_0.pdf

Cosens, B.  2015.  The Columbia River Treaty: Analysis of the Stakes for the U.S. Interests.  Presented at The Columbia River Treaty: Past, Present, and Future, Osoyoos, BC.  http://www.crtworkshop.ca/proceedings-outcomes/

Cosens, B.  2017.  The Columbia River and the Columbia River Treaty.  Presentation to River Restoration Presentation at the Stream Restoration Symposium, Stevenson, Washington.  http://www.rrnw.org/wp-content/uploads/5.0_Cosens-2017-RRNW-_-CRT.pdf

Moy, R.  2017.  Presentation at the Stream Restoration Symposium, Stevenson, WA.  http://www.rrnw.org/wp-content/uploads/5.0_Cosens-2017-RRNW-_-CRT.pdf

Raadgever, G.T., E. Mostert, N. Kranz, E. Interwies and J.G. Timmerman.  2008.  Assessing Management Regimes in Transboundary River Basins: Do They Support Adaptive Management?  Ecology and Society, vol. 13, no. 1.  https://www.ecologyandsociety.org/vol13/iss1/art14/

Thorne, C. & P. Dickerson.  2012.  Mutually Inclusive: Flood Foresight, Hydropower, Restoration.  Presentation to River Restoration Northwest.  http://www.rrnw.org/wp-content/uploads/20120-Dickerson_Mutually_Inclusive_final.pdf

Timboe, IA.  2016.  Assessing the Current State of Transboundary Cooperation in the International Columbia River Basin.  Master of Science thesis, Oregon State University.  https://ir.library.oregonstate.edu/xmlui/bitstream/handle/1957/59331/TimboeIngridA2016.pdf?se

Timboe, I. and M. Carter.  2015.  Transboundary Cooperation in the International Columbia River Basin: A Preliminary Assessment of Existing Arrangements and Future Prospects.  Prepared for the Columbia Basin Trust Northwest Power & Conservation Council.  http://www.transboundarywaters.orst.edu/research/TB_CoopertationColumbiaRiver/transboundary-cooperation-report_9-1-15-final.pdf

 

19.  Snake River Restoration:

Damsense.  Revive the Snake and a River is Reborn.  http://damsense.org/get-the-truth/

 

Books:

J.V. Krutilla.  1967.  The Columbia River Treat: The Economics of and International River Basin Development.  John Hopkins Press, Baltimore, 211 p.

N.A. Swanson.  1979.  Conflict of the Columbia: The Canadian Background to an Historic Treaty.  McGill-Queen’s University Press, Montreal, 476 p.

R. White.  1995.  The Organic Machine: The Remaking of the Columbia River.  Hill and Wang, New York, 130 p.

B. Harden.  2012.  A River Lost: The Life and Death of the Columbia.  W.M. Norton & Company, New York, 286 p.

B. Cosens [ed.].  2012.  The Columbia River Treaty Revisited-Transboundary River Governance in the Face of Uncertainty.  Oregon State University Press, Corvallis.

R.W. Sandford, D. Harford, and J. O’Riordan.  2014.  The Columbia River Treaty: A Primer.  Rocky Mountain Books, Toronto, 141 p.

E.D. Pearkes.  2016.  A River Captured: The Columbia River Treaty and Catastrophic Change.  Rocky Mountain Books, Canada, 288 p.